Ayurveda Herbs

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Climbers: Piper betle – Piperaceae

Climbers: Piper betle – Piperaceae

Vernacular name
English – Betel
Parts Used
Leaf, roots
Chemical Constituent
Its leaf contains a phenol having anti infectant property and also contains protein, carbohydrate, calcium, phosphorus, iodine and potassium

Uses

Improves digestion, expectorant, febrifuge, laxative, sialagogue, carminative. Daily intake of tender leaves with hot water is good for Elephantiasis. For breathing problems, intake of specific medicines with juice of leaves is a good remedy.

Climbers: Asparagus racemosus – Liliaceae

Climbers: Asparagus racemosus – Liliaceae

Vernacular name
English – Wild asparagus
Part Used
Tuberous root

Uses

Carminative, general tonic, galactogogue, rejuvenate, diuretic, nervine tonic and appetizer. Daily use of the medicine prepared by the equal quantity of tuberous root and water is good for acidity, abdominal ulcers and the burning sensation of the abdomin. The main medicine prepared from this plant is “Satavarighritham”, a well known medicine for menstrual disorders.

Climbers: Abrus precatorius – Fabaceae

Climbers: Abrus precatorius – Fabaceae

Vernacular name
English – Indian Liquorice
Parts Used
Root, leaf, seed

Uses

Against nerve disorder, purgative, emetic, diuretic, alexiteric and against skin diseases. Application of the powdered form of fruit as Nasyam is good for headache. The paste of the leaf is good for relieving Inflammation.

Climbers: Tinospora cordifolia – Menispermaceae

Climbers: Tinospora cordifolia – Menispermaceae

Vernacular name
English – Gulancha tinospora
Parts Used
Leaf , Stem

Uses

Febrifuge, blood purifier, for skin diseases, antispasmodic, anti-inflammatory, carminative, appetizer, expectorant, cardio tonic, rejuvenative and immuno modulator. This is a main ingredient in Guloochyadi Kashaya, the decotion is good for skin diseases and as a blood purifier. Daily use of concentrated liquid extract from the stem is good for kidney disease.

Climbers: Piper logum – Piperaceae

Climbers: Piper logum – Piperaceae

Vernacular name
English – Long pepper
Parts Used
Spike, root

Uses

Improves digestion, in small quantities cure respiratory ailment, diuretic, purgative, expectorant, febrifuge and antiseptic. Constituent of the group “Trikatu”. A main ingredient in “Dasamoolarishtam”-a well known medicine for increasing body immune power and energy and a good medicine for Post Delivery management.

Creepers: Evolvulus alsinoides – Convolvulaceae

Creepers: Evolvulus alsinoides – Convolvulaceae

Vernacular name
English – Shankapushpi
Parts Used
Whole Plant

Uses

The drug is considered specific for all kinds of fevers. Brain development, blood purifier, hair tonic, febrifuge, expectorant, anthelmintic. The juice of the whole plant with equal quantity of ghee is a good remedy for Brain development.

Creepers: Hemidesmus indicus – Asclepiadaceae

Creepers: Hemidesmus indicus – Asclepiadaceae

Vernacular name

English – Indian sarasaparilla

Parts Used

 

Tuberous roots

 

Uses

The tuberous root is reputed for its cooling and blood purifying action and is hence used to make refreshing drinks. Blood purifier, for skin diseases and leprosy, expectorant, febrifuge. This is the main ingredient in “Pindathailam”, a well known medicine widely used in arthritis and gout.

Creepers: Centella asiatica – Umbelliferae

Creepers: Centella asiatica – Umbelliferae

Vernacular name
English – Indian pennywort
Part used
Whole plant
Chemical Constituent
The powdered form of the whole plant contains Amino acids, Aspartic acids, Glycin and Glatamic acid. The ash of the whole plant contains Chloride Sulphate , Phosphate, Iron, Calcium, Magnesium and Sodium

Uses

Anticancerous, used against skin diseases, peptic ulcer, brain and nervine tonic. External application of the paste of the leaves is a good remedy for psoriasis. This is the main ingredient in “Sarawatha gritham”- a well known brain and nervine tonic

Creepers: Boerhaavia diffusa – Nyetaginaceae

Creepers: Boerhaavia diffusa – Nyetaginaceae

Vernacular name
English – Hog weed
Part used
Whole plant
Chemical Constituent
This plant contains a large amount of Potassium Nitrate and also contains an alkaloid known as punarnavin.

Uses

Direutic, for heart diseases, aphrodisiac, emetic, expectorant, anti-inflammatory, febrifuge, laxative and tonic. The main medicine prepared from this is “Punarnavarishtam” which act as an antitoxic and good for relieving inflammation.

Creepers: Bacopa monnieri – Scrophulariaceae

Creepers: Bacopa monnieri – Scrophulariaceae

Vernacular name
English – Thyme leaved gratiola
Part Used
Whole plant
Chemical Constituent
It contains two alkaloids known as Brahminin and Erpestin.

Uses

Brahmi is an important medhya drug. Direutic, hair tonic, brain tonic, carminative, digestive, anti-inflammatory, cardio tonic, bronchodialater. This is the main ingredient in “Brahmighritham”, which act as a brain tonic for children and also good for Insanity and Epilepsy.

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