Ayurveda Herbs

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Curcuma longa – Zingiberaceae

Curcuma longa – Zingiberaceae

Vernacular name
English – Turmeric
Parts Used
Rhizome
Chemical Constituent
It contains an oil which is known as Rhizomil Turmerol and also contains alkaloids and Resin.

Uses

    Reputed remedy for all kinds of poisonous infections, ulcers and wounds. Anti cancerous, anti-inflammatory, antivenenomous, antiseptic, dye. Curcumin is having antirheumatic activity and eye drops are efficacious against conjunctivitis.

This is the main ingredient of the decotion “Nishakathakadi Kashya” which is good for maintaining Diabetes.

Leucas aspera – Labiatae

Leucas aspera – Labiatae

Vernacular name
English – Thumbe
Parts Used
Whole Plant

Uses

This is a reputed home remedy for worms, fever and intestinal catarrh in children. Anthelmintic, febrifuge, laxative, carminative, anti-inflammatory, expectorant, antibacterial and depurative. The whole plant when boiled with water and that water is used for bath in Post Delivery Management because of its anti-infectant property.

Sida rhombifolia ssp retusa - Malvaceae

Sida rhombifolia ssp retusa - Malvaceae

Vernacular name
English – Broomjute sida
Parts Used
Root

Uses

The drug is held in great repute for the treatment of rheumatism. It is also aphrodisiac, good for arthritis and diarrhea. This is the main ingredient in “Balarishtam”- a good remedy for managing Vata dominated diseases like Arthiritis, Body pain, Joint pain etc. It is main medicine that is used in Njavarakizhi for arthiritis and Rheumatism.

Zingiber officinale – Zingiberaceae

Zingiber officinale – Zingiberaceae

Vernacular name
English – Ginger
Parts Used
Rhizome
Chemical Constituents
Its Rhizome contains Vitamin A, B, and C and also contains proteins, fat, carbohydrate, calcium, phosphorus and iron.

Uses

Carminative, laxative, digestive, emollient, appetizer, expectorant. Application of the oil from its Rhizome is good for relieving earache. This is the main ingredient in “Shadanga paneeya” – a good remedy for fever and thirst. The powder made by Ginger, coriander and sugar is good for getting relief from cough and indigestion.

Tamarindus indica – Leguminosae

Tamarindus indica – Leguminosae

Vernacular name
English – Tamarind tree
Parts Used
Root, leaf , fruit, seed
Chemical constituent
Its fruit contain Tartaric acid, Citric acid, malic acid, acetic acid, potassium and also contains albuminoids, fat and carbohydrates

Uses

Leaves – anti-inflammatory, diuretic, febrifuge

Fruits - carminative, laxative

Bark - useful in asthma and ulcers

The leaves of the Tamarind tree is the main ingredient of “Elakizhi” because of its anti rheumatic quality. Oral administration of the powder of its fruit mixed with honey is good for hoarseness of voice.

Moringa oleifera – Moringaceae

Moringa oleifera – Moringaceae

Vernacular name
English – Drumstick tree
Parts Used
Whole Plant
Chemical Constitutents
The leaf contains Vitamin A and C

Uses

Anthelmintic, hypotensive, wound healing, antirheumatic. Application of the paste made by its leaf and salt is good for relieving Joint inflammation . Oral intake of the decotion made by its root is a good remedy for controlling Hernia. Its leaf is widely used in “Elakizhi” for curing arthritis and rheumatic problems.

Pterocarpus santalinus – Papilionaceae

Pterocarpus santalinus – Papilionaceae

Vernacular name
English – Red Sandal Wood
Parts Used
Heart wood and fruits

Uses

Heart wood is anti-inflammatory, febrifuge and ophthalmic, against skin diseases. Fruits are astringent and tonic. Application of the paste made by the heartwood is good for removing black colour under the eyes and pimples on the face.

Azadirachta indica – Meliaceae

Azadirachta indica – Meliaceae

Vernacular name
English – Margosa tree
Parts Used
Whole plant
Chemical Constituents
Leaf and bark contains alkaloids known as margosin . Its seed contains oil and margosa Oil is good for curing Rheumatic complaints.

Uses

Antirheumatic, antidiabetic, against skin diseases, antitoxic, anti infectant. Application of the paste of leaves is a good remedy for curing skin burns. The decotion made by the leaves and bark is good for cleaning the wounds because of its anti-infectant nature. Nimbarishtam made from it is good for body pimples.

Holarihena pubescens – Apocynaceae

Holarihena  pubescens – Apocynaceae

Vernacular name
English – Conessi bark
Parts Used
Bark, seed
Chemical Constituents
Its bark and seeds contain three alkaloids known as Kurchin, Kurchisin and conisine

Uses

It is a reputed single drug remedy for chronic dysentery and diarrhea. Anthelmintic, enhance blood clotting. The decotion made by the Bark and Seed is good for cleaning wounds and the application of the paste made by its bark is good for curing wounds. It is a main ingredient in medicines prepared for Bleeding piles and Diarrhea. The Main medicine prepared from it is “Kutagarishtam” and is good for diarrhea in children.

Murraya Koenigii – Rutaceae

Murraya Koenigii – Rutaceae

Vernacular Name
English – Curry leaf tree
Parts Used
Leaf, bark, root
Chemical Constituents
The leaf contains Glucocyde and Resin

Uses

Increases digestion, cure amoebic dysentery. Oral administration of 10-15 tender leaves, daily is good for curing amoebic dysentery and diarrhea. The decoction made from this “Kaidaryadi Kashaya” is good for curing Jaundice and Dysentry

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